Most of our customers have sensitive data and a SAAS model or a connection to the internet is out of the question. Can we use R? But, as lawyers told us, the way it is addressed does not solve much. Any GPL program can be used for commercial purposes. But, it does not answer the question — can I write a program in R, and have it licensed with a non-GPL license or simply — a commercial license? Now, R is an interpreted programming language. You can write your code in notepad and it will run perfectly.
Logic says that if you do not modify the original software R and you do not copy any of its source code, you did not make a derivative work. If a programming language interpreter is released under the GPL, does that mean programs written to be interpreted by it must be under GPL-compatible licenses? When the interpreter just interprets a language, the answer is no. The interpreted program, to the interpreter, is just data; a free software license like the GPL, based on copyright law, cannot limit what data you use the interpreter on.
You can run it on any data interpreted program , any way you like, and there are no requirements about licensing that data to anyone.
New replies are no longer allowed. RStudio Desktop free eligible for commercial use? RStudio IDE. It sounds like for certain packages, you should contact the author to obtain permission. Michael Michael 1 1 gold badge 4 4 silver badges 12 12 bronze badges. The question is actually about "R packages", i. The quote is relevant in that it establishes that multiple "R packages" exist, have different authors, and different licenses.
So these two do not fall under "certain packages [for which] you should contact the author to obtain permission [to use them]:. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Davison and D. Hinkley, , Cambridge University Press.
Functions for classification k -nearest neighbor and LVQ. Venables and B. See the CRAN contributed packages page for more information. Many of these packages are categorized into CRAN Task Views , allowing to browse packages by topic and providing tools to automatically install all packages for special areas of interest.
Some CRAN packages that do not build out of the box on Windows, require additional software, or are shipping third party libraries for Windows cannot be made available on CRAN in form of a Windows binary packages.
Note that this repository is a default repository for recent versions of R for Windows. The Omega Project for Statistical Computing provides a variety of open-source software for statistical applications, with special emphasis on web-based software, Java, the Java virtual machine, and distributed computing. Bioconductor is an open source and open development software project for the analysis and comprehension of genomic data.
Most Bioconductor components are distributed as R add-on packages. Initially most of the Bioconductor software packages focused primarily on DNA microarray data analysis. As the project has matured, the functional scope of the software packages broadened to include the analysis of all types of genomic data, such as SAGE, sequence, or SNP data. In addition, there are metadata annotation, CDF and probe and experiment data packages.
Many more packages are available from places other than the three default repositories discussed above CRAN , Bioconductor and Omegahat. More code has been posted to the R-help mailing list, and can be obtained from the mailing list archive.
Next: How can add-on packages be used? Unix-like only. Let path be the path to such a package file. Provided that tar and gzip are available on your system, type.
Even more conveniently, you can install and automatically update packages from within R if you have access to repositories such as CRAN. See the help page for available. Next: How can add-on packages be removed? Next: How can I create an R package?
Versions of R prior to 1. Next: How can I contribute to R? This manual is included in the R distribution, see What documentation exists for R? R version 1. Previous: How can I create an R package? R is in active development and there is always a risk of bugs creeping in. Also, the developers do not have access to all possible machines capable of running R. So, simply using it and communicating problems is certainly of great value. The R Developer Page acts as an intermediate repository for more or less finalized ideas and plans for the R statistical system.
Next: Should I run R from within Emacs? It is intended to provide assistance for interactive statistical programming and data analysis. ESS grew out of the need for bug fixes and extensions to S-mode 4. In addition, with new modes being developed for R, Stata, and SAS, it was felt that a unifying interface and framework for the user interface would benefit both the user and the developer, by helping both groups conform to standard Emacs usage.
The end result is an increase in efficiency for statistical programming and data analysis, over the usual tools. R support contains code for editing R source code syntactic indentation and highlighting of source code, partial evaluations of code, loading and error-checking of code, and source code revision maintenance and documentation syntactic indentation and highlighting of source code, sending examples to running ESS process, and previewing , interacting with an inferior R process from within Emacs command-line editing, searchable command history, command-line completion of R object and file names, quick access to object and search lists, transcript recording, and an interface to the help system , and transcript manipulation recording and saving transcript files, manipulating and editing saved transcripts, and re-evaluating commands from transcript files.
Yes, instead of just running it in a console, definitely. Of course, it also integrates nicely with the mechanisms for editing R source using Emacs. One can write code in one Emacs buffer and send whole or parts of it for execution to R; this is helpful for both data analysis and programming.
One can also seamlessly integrate with a revision control system, in order to maintain a log of changes in your programs and data, as well as to allow for the retrieval of past versions of the code. In addition, it allows you to keep a record of your session, which can also be used for error recovery through the use of the transcript mode.
Previous: Should I run R from within Emacs? Use the program ps to find the process number of the currently running R process then use the attach command in gdb to attach it to that process. When using GUD mode for debugging from within Emacs, you may find it most convenient to use the directory with your code in it as the current working directory and then make a symbolic link from that directory to the R binary.
That way. Next: How can I save my workspace? Do not set x[i] or x[[i]] to NULL , because this will remove the corresponding component from the list. Next: How can I clean up my workspace? GlobalEnv to the file. RData in the R startup directory. This is also what happens after q "yes". Using save. Next: How can I get eval and D to work? To remove all objects in the currently active environment typically. GlobalEnv , you can do. Next: Why do my matrices lose dimensions?
The first one will either tell you that " x " is not found, or print the value of the wrong x. The other one will likely return zero if x exists, and an error otherwise. This is because in both cases, the first argument is evaluated in the calling environment first. The result which should be an object of mode "expression" or "call" is then evaluated or differentiated. For example,. Although this behavior may initially seem to be rather strange, it is perfectly logical. Consider for instance the semantics in cases like.
Next: How does autoloading work? When a matrix with a single row or column is created by a subscripting operation, e. After much discussion this has been determined to be a feature.
For example, the statement. It should probably be rewritten as. Next: How should I set options? R has a special environment called. Using autoload name , pkg , where name and pkg are strings giving the names of an object and the package containing it, stores some information in this environment. Using this mechanism makes R behave as if the package was loaded, but does not occupy memory yet.
Next: How do file names work in Windows? The variable. What is really used is the global value of. Local copies of. Options , either in. GNU Project. Marchesi Joshua Gay Kefah T. Peter Heath Richard M. Numerical analysis software. List of numerical-analysis software Comparison of numerical-analysis software. Statistical software. Category Comparison. Programming languages.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikibooks Wikiversity. R terminal. Multi-paradigm : Array , object-oriented , imperative , functional , procedural , reflective. Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman. R Core Team .
Julia . R Programming at Wikibooks. This is the last alpha version developed primarily by Ihaka and Gentleman. Much of the basic functionality from the "White Book" see S history was implemented. The mailing lists commenced on April 1, This is the oldest source release which is currently available on CRAN.
R becomes an official part of the GNU Project. The code is hosted and maintained on CVS. First versions of update. Considered by its developers stable enough for production use. Asked 1 year, 6 months ago. Active 1 year, 6 months ago. Viewed times. Tom Wenseleers Tom Wenseleers 2 2 bronze badges. Hey, you're asking about 8 different questions here, and some of those are individually too broad to be answered.
Please stick to a single question that has a determinative answer. Then you can follow-up by posting additional questions.
Well summarized as a single question it is "What are the options to make a small amount of money out of a GPL2 R package that I authored if it's going to be used for profit?You can report issue about the content on this page here Want to share your content on R-bloggers? Being a data scientist in a startup I can program with several languages, but often R is a natural choice. Recently I wanted my company to build a product based on R. It simply seemed like a perfect fit. Was it a single lawyer? What is the issue? GPL is not a permissive license. In layman terms, if you build your work on a GPL program is r free for commercial use may force you to license is r free for commercial use product with a GPL license, too. In other words — it restrains you from keeping your code proprietary. You may also mention that Microsoft and other big companies are using R, and provide R services. Well, maybe. I do believe there are ways is r free for commercial use make your code proprietary, legally. As a private company, is r free for commercial use code needs to be proprietary. Our comment faire un transfert d appel free is not services, but the software itself. We need to avoid handing our source code to a customer. Most of our customers have sensitive data and a SAAS model or a connection to the internet is out of the question. Can we use R? But, as lawyers told us, the way it is addressed does not solve much. Any GPL program can be used for commercial purposes. But, it does not answer the question — can I write a program is r free for commercial use R, and have it licensed with a non-GPL license or simply — a commercial license? Yes, R is free for commercial use. R is freely available under the GNU General Public License. Software under this license (such as R): > may. genericpills24h.com › rstudio-desktop-free-eligible-for-commerc. Or is a commercial license required? If you should need any more information on the work environment, where we plan to use it, feel free to ask. Such a license clause is fairly unusual for (free) R packages. For most packages, as long as you don't redistribute or resell code based on the packages you can. genericpills24h.com › wiki › R_(programming_language). R is a programming language and free software environment for statistical computing and R is highly extensible through the use of user-submitted packages for specific functions or specific areas of study. for its popularity among data scientists and the threat it poses to commercial statistical packages such as SAS. According to the R-Project: R is released under the GNU General Public License (GPL), version 2. If you have any questions regarding the. I developed an R package that I would have to license under GPL2 due a if it's for commercial / for profit applications, but provide it for free to. Any GPL program can be used for commercial purposes. You can offer your services Here is a paragraph from the Free Software Foundation. solution to data analysis, in alternative to commercial products like IDL or MATLAB. Nguyen Quang Chien because R is not very general purpose. and use it as an interface to a free statistical software package (yippee, R rules), these. It is recommended that you send mail to R-help rather than only to the R Core developers who are also subscribed to the list, of course. Using this mechanism makes R behave as if the package was loaded, but does not occupy memory yet. In particular, note that I do not have access to Windows or Mac systems. Fresh Local Bio Vegetables. I would love to see Rstudio flourish and contribute open source products for the community. Use make dvi to create DVI versions of the R manuals, such as refman. To actually use the package, it needs to be loaded using library. See Why doesn't R think these numbers are equal? In general such tools do not report the actual memory usage of the process but rather what the OS is reserving for that process. In general, the rationale is that R should help you detect programming errors, while at the same time being as compatible as possible with S. As described in? Previous: What is a bug? Hence, you should subscribe to either of them only in case you are not subscribed to R-help.