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If the stove is too near a stairwell, you may lose much of your heat to the floor above. If you plan to use an existing chimney, both its location and the length of its flue will be determining factors.
Note these guidelines:. If you use an existing fireplace chimney to vent your stove, it must be sealed off below the stove pipe's point of entry to prevent toxic gases from backing up into the room. This can be done by:. The cross-section area of the chimney flue should be at least 25 percent bigger than and not more than three times that of the stove pipe. Avoid connecting more than one heating device to a single chimney flue because flue gases and sparks may pass from one flue opening into another and unsatisfactory operation may also result.
Be sure your chimney is in good condition and that it has a flue lining. Check for missing flue tiles and cracked masonry. You may want to have a chimney sweep check the chimney and a mason make any repairs that may be needed.
With a masonry chimney, the stove pipe should be extended through the chimney wall to its inner face, but not beyond. Use high-temperature cement to fasten the pipe to the masonry. During red advisories, mandatory residential burning restrictions generally apply to everyone in the 7-county Denver-Boulder metro area below 7, feet.
Colorado has a regulation that applies to the sale and installation of wood-burning appliances and the use of certain wood-burning appliances during high pollution days. This and other air quality regulations are on their Air Quality Control Commission regulations website. The state of Idaho offers taxpayers who buy new wood stoves, pellet stoves, or natural gas or propane heating units for their residences a tax deduction to replace old, uncertified wood stoves.
Burning restrictions are contained in the Rules for the Control of Air Pollution in Idaho and are applicable statewise. The model ordinance includes language for restrictions or bans on outdoor wood-fired boilers and patio wood-burning units. If necessary, the credit may be carried over for up to four years after the first year it is claimed. While freestanding wood burning stoves can sometimes fit in a masonry fireplace, fireplace inserts are perfect if the only good space for your wood stove is in a small, existing masonry fireplace.
How big of a wood stove do you need? A number of wood stoves for sale come with huge fireboxes, 3, 4, and sometimes even 5 cubic feet. But with modern insulation and the supplementary heat that most houses have now, these are usually overkill. This is an unsafe installation. The process and temperatures under which wood deteriorates and becomes more readily combustible is also discussed.
Reader Question : who can install a woodstove where we have a zero clearance fireplace? We have a 's Lindal log home with a heatilator fireplace installed. I believe this is a zero clearance fireplace with no actual masonry except for the faux rock surrounding it. We would like to have a wood burning stove instead. If we remove the entire heatilator, I don't think there is any actual masonry inside the rectangular "chimney" So, we don't know if this is a major construction project that needs a Mason to do it, or if this is a simple task and a fireplace shop could do it.
Of course we'd have to buy their wood stove. Try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly. Just ask us! Share this article. Search the InspectApedia website. He is also a contributor to InspectApedia. Contact Mr. So said, cast iron can be problematic in that large-surface castings sometime crack.
They are also generally more expensive than the options. Steel stoves are very efficient as well, and are generally the most economical option. Steel heats up and starts putting out heat the quickest. They may have brass doors for example, or other features to make them visually attractive. If a UL-listed stove has a heat shield attached, the clearance can be reduced as specified.
Or build a heat shield to be mounted 1 inch off the wall on non-combustible spacers. To reduce the standard clearance to 12 inches, the heat shield should be of gauge sheet metal, mounted off the floor to provide unrestricted circulation of air between shield and wall see Figure 1.
Any area within 36 inches of the wood stove should be covered as shown in Figure 2. Clearance should be three times the diameter of the pipe, e. Heat shields may be used to reduce the clearance by the same ratio as for the stove. For example, with sheet metal you can reduce the clearance by two-thirds, from 18 inches to 6 inches. You don't. Proper Ventilation Another important element of wood stove installations is ventilation.